Keyword Analysis & Research: groin vault art history definition


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What is a groin vault?

Groin vault. Renaissance groin vault in the church of Santa Maria dei Carmini in Venice. A groin vault or groined vault (also sometimes known as a double barrel vault or cross vault) is produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults. The word "groin" refers to the edge between the intersecting vaults.

How were brick vaults built?

The curved surfaces of stones between the ribs were probably laid with little formwork, using only mortar; brick vaults are still built… …at right angles formed a groin vault, which, when repeated in series, could span rectangular areas of unlimited length.

What are the 4 types of vaults?

Four common types of vault. A barrel vault (also called a cradle vault, tunnel vault, or wagon vault) has a semicircular cross section. A groin (or cross) vault is formed by the perpendicular intersection of two barrel vaults. A rib (or ribbed) vault is supported by a series of arched diagonal ribs that divide the vault's surface into panels.

How did Gothic architecture reduce the weight of the ceiling vault?

Gothic architecture. …and foremost they developed a ribbed vault, in which arching and intersecting stone ribs support a vaulted ceiling surface that is composed of mere thin stone panels. This greatly reduced the weight (and thus the outward thrust) of the ceiling vault, and since the vault’s weight was now carried at….

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